Even though it is small, Costa Rica has an enormous environmental impact. Almost 99% of its energy came from renewable sources in 2014, while 100 % of renewable energy in 2018 and 2019. In 2018, the president of Costa Rica planned to make it the first carbon-neutral country.
As Costa Rice is rich in biodiversity, it has designated many of the world`s natural resources and also uses clean hydropower to derive its electricity. Taking into consideration the rich biodiversity of Costa Rica, the government has already protected it, including its reforestation, zoo closures, etc.
In the last four years, Costa Rice derived electricity from renewable sources using solar power, volcanoes, wind power and river water. In 2016, the largest hydroelectric plant started working on the Caribbean slope. Moreover, they also have wind turbine plants and solar plants.
Costa Rice is also planning to completely eradicate the use of plastic by 2021. Their plan is to replace plastic with completely biodegradable and recyclable alternatives. The United Nations Development Program will support and fund Costa Rica to achieve this plan.
In addition, the new president of Costa Rica, Carlos Alvarado Quesada, announced his plan to reduce carbonization use by 2021.
Namely, he intends to prohibit the use of gasoline and fossil fuels in their transportation system and to make Costa Rica the first decarbonized country. Monica Araya, a sustainability expert, supported the idea of the president, claiming that eliminating fossil fuels from the transportation system in Costa Rica is a big idea.
Costa Rica, such a small country, can convey a big message to the world.
In the video below, you can watch the interview between Monica Araya, a climate activist, and the president of Costa Rica and find out about the high impact of Costa Rica on the environmentalism.